Medicine in the field of mental health has evolved a lot in recent years, bringing new and diverse means of treatment that do not require psychiatric hospitalization and are much more efficient than it, providing a more humane approach and a much more favorable prognosis to the patient.
New therapeutic techniques, new medicines and new discoveries have left the old asylums behind and revolutionized the way we view and treat our mental health.
However, there are times when more incisive intervention is still needed to ensure the physical integrity of the patient and the people around them.
This is because there are cases in which the mental disorder can affect the patient in such a way that he may represent a danger to himself and to society, so that treatment that goes beyond therapy and medication is necessary.
When there is the risk of suicide, for example, the individual must be protected until the medication and therapeutic treatment take effect and he recovers his mental functions.
But which model of treatment to use? Is it even that hospitalization is the only way out of these more complex cases?
Psychiatric hospitalization as a temporary solution
Once the patient becomes a risk to himself and the people around him, conversations with a psychologist and medications prescribed by the psychiatrist are no longer sufficient to ensure their integrity.
Psychosis outbreaks, the acute phase of bipolar disorder, dementia and acute attacks of anxiety and depression require special attention that provides the environment and the means to treat the person and ensure maximum recovery.
In psychiatric hospitalization, the patient finds the perfect environment to recover, counting on the support of specialized professionals, a multidisciplinary team and a technological and medical apparatus capable of ensuring its integrity and returning it to the more mentally healthy society.
This hospitalization, in the vast majority of cases, is temporary, aiming only to protect the patient from himself until the acute moment passes. That is, it is not about confining the patient, using inhuman techniques of treatment, as in the past.
However, psychiatric hospitalization, despite all its benefits, has a great negative point. When the patient is interned, he is deprived of family and social contact, which makes it difficult to treat and subsequently reintegrate into society.
In addition, the family ends up having less contact with the patient, also experiencing great suffering and worry.
Day Hospital: an alternative between hospitalization and conventional treatment
What if it were possible to provide the patient with a more intensive treatment capable of eliminating the risks, but without the need to internalize it and deprive it of family and social life? This is precisely what Day Hospital offers.
It is a model of differential treatment, which welcomes the patient for twelve hours every day and releases him in the late afternoon to go home and spend the night with his family.
This puts an end to the main negative point of psychiatric hospitalization, giving the individual the interaction and conviviality necessary for him to develop and recover more quickly and at the same time provides intensive care with specialized professionals and multidisciplinary teams.